To disagree well you must first understand well. You have to read deeply, listen carefully, watch closely. You need to grant your adversary moral respect; give him the intellectual benefit of doubt; have sympathy for his motives and participate empathically with his line of reasoning. And you need to allow for the possibility that you might yet be persuaded of what he has to say. — Bret Stephens BS Bret Stephens , New York Times
Disagreement can generate new ideas, find new alternatives, and stimulate the imagination. Recognizing the limits of one’s own knowledge is a critical step toward opening one’s mind to new information. This recognition and openness can be referred to as Intellectual Humility . Laszlo Bock LB Laszlo Bock called intellectual humility a prerequisite to learning and therefore one of the most important hiring criteria for companies like Google. Cultivating intellectual humility means understanding that there is always something to learn and recognizing that our own beliefs and opinions can be wrong.
If you don’t mind being wrong on the way to being right you’ll learn a lot—and increase your eﬀectiveness. But if you can’t tolerate being wrong, you won’t grow, you’ll make yourself and everyone around you miserable.
—Ray Dalio, Twitter
fixed mindset , and people who believe intelligence is malleable and can be improved, the growth mindset . She discovered that the latter are better learners. If you assume you have something to learn you are more likely to find a creative solution to the problem.distinguishes between people who believe intelligence is fixed, the