People have different approaches to understanding data, making decisions, solving problems, and relating to other people. They tend to have a distinct preference for how they go about it (which is not to say they are not able to do things differently if they choose to).
There are many frameworks that can help understand personality types based on basic preferences such as the popular Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) , which is popular in the business world. The field of psychology seems to lean more toward the so-called Big 5 Personality Traits . There are many others such as Type A/ Type B personality theory and the concept of being right-brained or left-brained .
Personality type or trait analyses all have their limitations. But they can be good tools to help understand your own preferences and those of the people you are collaborating with. Preferences are neither good nor bad, they simply lead to different behavior depending on the situation.